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Научно-практическая ревматология

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Интерлейкин 5 – новая мишень для терапии эозинофильного гранулематоза с полиангиитом

https://doi.org/10.14412/1995-4484-2020-321-329

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Аннотация

Интерлейкин 5 (ИЛ5) участвует в созревании и активации эозинофилов, его продукция повышена при эозинофильном гранулематозе с полиангиитом (ЭГПА). Эта редкая форма системных васкулитов (СВ) характеризуется периферической эозинофилией и поражением многих органов и систем. Внедрение в клиническую практику глюкокортикоидов (ГК) и цитостатиков значительно улучшило прогноз ЭГПА, но их применение сопряжено со значительными неблагоприятными реакциями и может быть недостаточно эффективно. При использовании стандартных схем лечения не всегда удается добиться ремиссии, сохраняется высокая частота рецидивов ЭГПА. Меполизумаб является антагонистом ИЛ5 и перспективным средством для лечения больных ЭГПА. В представленном обзоре литературы рассматриваются аргументы в пользу применения меполизумаба при ЭГПА и обсуждаются вопросы его эффективности и безопасности. Накопленные в настоящее время данные свидетельствуют об эффективности и безопасности меполизумаба у пациентов с ЭГПА, что было продемонстрировано в регистрационном двойном слепом рандомизированном плацебоконтролируемом исследовании MIRRA. Лечение антагонистом ИЛ5 позволяет контролировать как симптомы бронхиальной астмы, так и проявления СВ, повышает вероятность достижения ремиссии ЭГПА, может способствовать снижению риска рецидива, дает возможность минимизировать дозу ГК.

Об авторах

Т. В. Бекетова
ФГБНУ «Научно-исследовательский институт ревматологии им. В.А. Насоновой»
Россия

Татьяна Валентиновна Бекетова 

115522, Москва, Каширское шоссе, 34А



Е. В. Арсеньев
ФГБНУ «Научно-исследовательский институт ревматологии им. В.А. Насоновой»
Россия
115522, Москва, Каширское шоссе, 34А


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Для цитирования:


Бекетова Т.В., Арсеньев Е.В. Интерлейкин 5 – новая мишень для терапии эозинофильного гранулематоза с полиангиитом. Научно-практическая ревматология. 2020;58(3):321-329. https://doi.org/10.14412/1995-4484-2020-321-329

For citation:


Beketova T.V., Arseniev E.V. INTERLEUKIN-5 IS A NEW TARGET IN THE TREATMENT OF EOSINOPHILIC GRANULOMATOSIS WITH POLYANGIITIS. Rheumatology Science and Practice. 2020;58(3):321-329. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.14412/1995-4484-2020-321-329

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ISSN 1995-4484 (Print)
ISSN 1995-4492 (Online)